terça-feira, fevereiro 06, 2007

O medo do feminismo entre as mulheres

"...young women today have been profoundly affected by the demonization of feminism..."

"Older women may see the backlash as temporary and changeable; younger women may see it as how things are. The economic situation for college students worsened over those 12 years as well, with less student aid available, so that young women may experience their situation as extremely precarious--too Precarious to risk feminism.

"My young women students often interpret critiques of marriage--a staple of feminist analysis--for centuries--as evidence of their authors' dysfunctional families. This demonstrates another reality they have grown up with: the increased tendency to pathologize any kind of oppositional politics.

"To understand what women fear when they fear feminism--and what they don't--it is helpful to draw a distinction between gender consciousness and feminist consciousness."

"Gender consciousness takes two forms: awareness of women's vulnerability and celebration of women's difference... Gender consciousness is a necessary precondition for feminist consciousness, but they are not the same. The difference lies in the link between gender and politics. Feminism politicizes gender consciousness, inserts it into a systematic analysis of histories and structures of domination and privilege. Feminism asks questions--difficult and complicated questions, often with contradictory and confusing answers--about how gender consciousness can be used both for and against women, how vulnerability and difference help and hinder women's self-determination and freedom. Fear of feminism, then, is not a fear of gender, but rather a fear of politics."

"There are powerful interests opposed to feminism--let's be clear about that.
"What would our mass culture look like if it didn't sell women's bodies--even aside from pornography. It is not in the interests of heterosexist patriarchy that women challenge our understandings of events headlined MAN KILLED FAMILY BECAUSE HE LOVED THEM, that women challenge the notion of men's violence against women and children... It is not in the interests of white supremacist capitalist patriarchy that women ally across differences. Allying across differences is difficult work, and is often thwarted by homophobia".

"The feminist insistence that the personal is political may seem to threaten rather than empower a girl's fragile, emergent self as she develops into a sexual and relational being. Young women may believe that a feminist identity puts them out of the pool for many men, limits the options of who they might become with a partner...".

"My women students, feminist and nonfeminist alike, are perfectly aware of the risks of going unescorted to the library at night. At the same time, they are appalled by my suggesting that such gender?based restrictions on their access to university facilities deny them an equal education. It's not that men's violence isn't real to thembut that they are unwilling to trace out 'its consequences and to understand its complexities."

"Women of all ages fear the existential situation of feminism, what we learned from Simorre de Beauvoir, what we learned from radical feminists in the 1970s, what we learned from feminist women of color in the 1980s: feminism has consequences."

"Women fear taking a public stand, entering public discourse, demanding and perhaps getting attention. And for what? To be called a "feminazi"? To be denounced as traitors to women's "essential nature"?"

"The challenge to the public-private division that feminism represents is profoundly threatening to young women who just want to be left alone, to all women who believe they can hide from feminist issues by not being feminists."

"... women who fear feminism fear living in consequences. Think harder, act more carefully; feminism requires that you enter a world supersaturated with meaning, with implications. And for privileged women in particular, the notion that one's own privilege comes at someone else's expense--that my privilege is your oppression--is profoundly threatening."

"Fear of feminism is also fear of complexity, fear of thinking, fear of ideas--we live, after all, in a profoundly anti-intellectual culture. Feminism is one of the few movements... that produce nonacademic intellectuals--readers, writers, thinkers, and theorists outside the academy, who combine and refine their knowledge with their practice. What other movement is housed so substantially in bookstores?"

"Feminism is work--intellectual work as surely as it is activist work--and it can be very easy for women who have been feminists for a long time to forget how hardwon their insights are, how much reading and talking and thinking and work produced them."

"Feminism requires an expansion of the self--an expansion of empathy, interest, intelligence, and responsibility across differences, histories, cultures, ethnicities, sexual identities, othernesses."

"Women have real reasons to fear feminism, and we do young women no service if we suggest to them that feminism itself is safe. It is not. To stand opposed to your culture, to be critical of institutions, behaviors, discourses--when it Is so clearly not in your immediate interest to do so--asks a lot of a young person, of any person.



Passagens extraídas de Fear of Feminism - Why young women get the willies, de Lisa Maria Hogeland @ Vancouver Rape Relief.

http://www.rapereliefshelter.bc.ca/volunteer/fearoffem.html

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